Main Topics

Transport is an integral component of sustaining livelihoods: without efficient urban transport mankind would not survive and develop and nor would economies. Yet, despite the immense benefits that transport enables, such as access to jobs, markets, education, and consumer goods and services via global supply chains, the transport sector generates substantial disbenefits. These include dependence on non-renewable energy, greenhouse gas emissions, local pollutions, road accidents and inequalities of access.

Such disbenefits clearly demonstrate that the transport sector is currently unsustainable economically, environmentally and socially. The way we transport people and goods must be radically changed. Many cities in the world have already started implementing effective policies and countermeasures that seek to avoid and reduce the usage of energy intensive motorised modes. These also bring improvements in accessibility, and hence increased options and opportunities of mobility. The challenge is for us all !

Applicable practices and suitable transferrable lessons are addressed in this conference under the following three Sub Themes:

  • Problems and Externalities of Transport
  • Policies and Countermeasures for motorised and non-motorised transport
  • Policies and Countermeasures for urban freight movement

Inevitably there are a number of cross cutting issues that can be addressed in any of the sub themes, namely: governance, institutional and social aspects, legislation/regulation, risk management, finance, public participation and role of NGOs.

Linking Europe and Asia and the North and South, Istanbul with its historical cultural heritage and with its current diverse transport challenges and successes is a unique location for the 16th CODATU conference to bring together politicians, planners, engineers, operators, and researchers.

Problems and Externalities of Transport (Sub Theme I)

Issues of urban sprawl, lack of coordination in land-use and transport planning, geographical constraints, diverse mobility needs of urban residents, informal housing, insufficient financing for transport infrastructure and management, and other problems cause considerable negative consequences globally and locally.

Globally, climate change and depletion of non-renewable energy are constraining social livelihoods. Locally, major externalities of transport include, but are not limited to, air pollution, traffic congestion, accidents, noise and other health issues, vibration, visual intrusion, community severance, and inequalities in accessibility.

Papers under this Sub Theme should seek to provide an improved understanding of the above problems and externalities, and/or to reflect on current and future challenges.

Policies and Countermeasures for motorised and non-motorised transport (Sub Theme II)

Climate change mitigation has become a priority in an international, national and local policy context. These cover reducing the need to travel, encouraging a modal shift to non-motorised and public transport, widespread use of technologies for energy-efficient vehicles and other mitigation policies. It is also necessary to address related policies of urban form, development patterns, and urban design approaches.

Social policies and planning approaches are needed to reduce access inequalities and improve the mobility of vulnerable groups such as the low income, elderly, children and youth, as well as those with reduced mobility.

Countermeasures include integrated urban transport, improvement of non-motorised transport infrastructures and facilities, improvement of formal and informal public transport, traffic law enforcement, road safety, travel demand management (e.g. flexible working hours, E-commerce, congestion and parking charges), constructing transport infrastructure facilities resilient to natural catastrophes (e.g., earthquake, flooding, tsunami), etc.

Papers under this Sub Theme should provide practical application of policies and countermeasures in the context of developing countries.

Policies and Countermeasures for urban freight movement (Sub Theme III)

Freight transport generates considerable environmental costs. There is a need for urban freight movement optimisation to minimise empty running through improved institutional and stakeholders' coordination and more effective planning of industry and commerce location. Although Information and Communication Technologies rapidly improve the efficiency and utilisation of freight transport and fleet, their application in developing countries is lacking. Nevertheless, the global increase in E-commerce generates substantial utilisation of trucks and van delivery fleets.

Transport planning and engineering measures and tools for better management of coordinated truck and informal goods fleet movements in urban areas are essential. These can include application of electronic data interchange, efficient multi-mode terminals on city fringes, restricted hours and routes of delivery, safe transport of hazardous materials, related institutional and regulation elements, financial instruments, etc.